PSY-362 Exam 1 Questions Multiple Choice PSY 362 Week 3 Exam

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1) In an experiment, the independent variable is _______ while the dependent variable is _______.

  1. held constant; varied
  2. correlational; descriptive
  3. manipulated; measured
  4. general; specific

2) Bridgette thinks short people are lazy, and Barbara refuses to let short people join her book club. Bridgette is exhibiting _____, whereas Barbara is exhibiting _____.

  1. discrimination; prejudice
  2. stereotyping; discrimination
  3. prejudice; stereotyping
  4. prejudice; discrimination

3) Sociologists tend to study behavior at the _____ level, whereas social psychologists study behavior at the _____ level.

  1. group; individual
  2. interpersonal; cultural
  3. specific; general
  4. social; cognitive

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4) The feeling of ambivalence can be described as an attitude that is both _____ and _____.

  1. strong; mixed in terms of positive versus negative valence
  2. weak; extremely positive
  3. inconsistent over time; strong
  4. consistent over time; weak

5) Which of the following is not one of the four steps in the dissonance process?

  1. Elaboration
  2. Physiological arousal
  3. Negative consequences
  4. Attribution

6) Which of the following is true of correlational research?

  1. It is a powerful way to establish causal relationships between variables.
  2. It allows an experimenter to control extraneous variables.
  3. It permits researchers to determine whether one variable is predictive of another.
  4. It is limited to the study of variables that can be measured in the laboratory.

7) Random assignment is a defining feature of an experiment. It means that

  1. participants are able to select the particular experimental manipulations they wish to experience.
  2. participants were randomly selected from the population of interest.
  3. whether participants are in one condition or another is determined at random.
  4. participants are assigned to the experimental conditions on the basis of their pre-existing differences

8) Beliefs about the self that guide the processing of self-relevant information are called

  1. self-awareness cues.
  2. autobiographical memories.
  3. flashbulb memories.
  4. self-schemas.

9)        Self-esteem is all of the following except

  1. an affectively charged component of the self-concept.
  2. responsive to success and failure.
  3. a state of mind that can change depending on the situation.
  4. a single, stable disposition.

10)      A hypothesis provides a means of ________ a theory.

  1. testing
  2. proving
  3. generalizing
  4. Creating

11) Racism that operates unconsciously and unintentionally is called

  1. modern racism.
  2. implicit racism.
  3. benevolent racism.
  4. ambivalent racism.

12)       Marge believes rather strongly that more money should be devoted to environmental concerns. However, she is agitated because she just signed a petition for a friend advocating the logging of a local forest in order to create new jobs. She then seems to soften her stance about the environment. This is best explained by

  1. cognitive dissonance theory.
  2. self-affirmation theory.
  3. the inoculation hypothesis.
  4. self-perception theory.

13)       Being persistently stereotyped, perceived as deviant, or devalued in society because of membership in a particular social group or because of a particular characteristic is the definition of being

  1. subliminally presented.
  2. ambivalent
  3. threatened
  4. stigmatized

14)       Lindy is trying to decide whether or not Marisa’s behavior is dispositional. If Lindy relies on correspondent inference theory, she would consider all of the following factors except

  1. whether Marisa freely chose the behavior.
  2. whether Marisa knew she was being observed during the behavior.
  3. if Marisa’s behavior was expected given the situation.
  4. the intended consequences of Marisa’s behavior.

15)       The term self-concept refers to

  1. the sum total of a person’s beliefs concerning his or her own personal characteristics.
  2. the evaluation of one’s own abilities and attitudes through comparison to similar others.
  3. whether a person’s self-evaluation is positive or negative.
  4. the general disposition to focus on either the inner feelings or outer image of the self.

16)       All social psychological research must begin with a(n)

  1. question
  2. independent variable.
  3. subject variable.
  4. control group.

17)       Prejudice and discrimination based on a person’s racial background, or institutional and cultural practices that promote the domination of one racial group over another, is known as

  1. racism
  2. implicit racism.
  3. modern racism.
  4. ambivalent racism.

18)      Developmental psychologists have shown that children begin to recognize their own image in a mirror between

  1. 0 and 6 months of age.
  2. 6 and 12 months of age.
  3. 12 and 18 months of age.
  4. 18 and 24 months of age.

19)       A set of beliefs about a group cannot be considered a stereotype if it is

  1. positive
  2. negative
  3. true
  4. None of these

20)      As social perceivers, people’s impressions of others are

  1. formed only after knowing the person for a considerable period of time.
  2. uninfluenced by superficial attributes of a person.
  3. formed at first encounter and completely unchangeable.
  4. influenced by the physical appearance of a person.

21)       Colin and Erin are waiting to meet with their caterer so that they can discuss the menu for their wedding. The caterer is 30 minutes late and still hasn’t arrived. Colin suggests that the caterer is probably delayed because of traffic. Erin suggests that the caterer is probably disorganized and unreliable. Colin is making a(n) _____attribution, whereas Erin is making a(n) _____ attribution.

  1. situational ; dispositional
  2. situational; personal
  3. expected; unexpected
  4. correspondent; dispositional
  1. Rebecca fills out a survey in which she asserts complete agreement with the statement, “I enjoy being unique and different from others.” With which cultural orientation does she most likely identify?
  2. Individualism
  3. Collectivism
  4. Multiculturalism
  5. Cooperativism

23)      Social psychology is all of the following except

  1. a science addressing a diverse array of topics.
  2. the study of how people think, feel, and behave.
  3. a compilation of anecdotal observations and case studies.
  4. an approach applying the scientific method of systematic observation, description, and measurement.

24)      People who are high in intelligence and/or self-esteem tend to be _____ vulnerable to persuasion when compared to people low in intelligence and/or self-esteem.

  1. more
  2. less
  3. equally
  4. somewhat less

25)     Marilyn is interested in whether schizophrenic individuals tend to interpret verbal feedback from others as negative even if it is positive. It might be said that Marilyn is doing research at the intersection of social psychology and

  1. evolutionary psychology.
  2. sociology
  3. personality psychology.
  4. clinical psychology

26)      Todd, considered to have a baby face, and Martin, viewed as having more mature features, are both being interviewed for the same position in a bank. Which of the following is the most probable outcome?

  1. Because of his more mature features, Martin will be recommended for the position.
  2. Todd will be recommended for the position because baby-faced individuals are perceived as more honest.
  3. Todd will be recommended for the position because baby-faced individuals are judged as more qualified for employment than mature-faced individuals.
  4. Their facial features will not impact the hiring decision, and the more qualified candidate will get the job.

27)      The study of social perception addresses all of the following except

  1. How people explain the behavior of others.
  2. How people form impressions of others.
  3. The strategies people use to create a positive self-image.
  4. The way that expectations can distort reality.

28)      According to the interactionist perspective, behavior is a result of the interaction between

  1. Motivation and cognition.
  2. Introverts and extraverts.
  3. Personality and situations.
  4. Theoretical and practical concerns.

29)      Social psychology is primarily concerned with the ways in which

  1. Group factors contribute to the functioning of social institutions.
  2. Unconscious forces influence conscious motivations and desires.
  3. Specific personality characteristics predict behavior across situations.
  4. Individuals think, feel, and behave with regard to others.

30)      Attitudes are best understood as

  1. Being either entirely positive or entirely negative.
  2. Being initially positive but increasingly negative as new information arises.
  3. Varying in strength along both positive and negative dimensions.
  4. Ranging on a continuum from positive to negative.

Course: PSY-362 Social Psychology and Cultural Applications
School: Grand Canyon University

  • 02/11/2017
  • 60
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