PSY-362 Week 2 Exam 1 Multiple Choice and Theory Exam: Define pluralistic ignorance and explain how it can undermine learning in the classroom 

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  1. Define pluralistic ignorance and explain how it can undermine learning in the classroom or the development of friendship across ethnic groups.
  1. A hypothesis ________ , while a theory ________.
  • is tested by a specific study; encompasses a body of related research
  • encompasses a body of related research; is tested by a specific study
  • is tested scientifically; is not tested scientifically
  • is not tested scientifically; is tested scientifically
  1. Barbara just received a B on her test. She learns that one of her friends got an A on the same test, and another friend got a C. Later that night, Barbara tells her roommate that she did “really well” relative to other people in the class. According to social comparison theory, Barbara appears to have engaged in ________ comparison.
  • upward
  • downward
  • promotional
  • prevention

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  1. An American soldier is captured and tortured by enemy forces. The enemy then releases a videotape of the soldier proclaiming a deep hatred for America. According to the discounting principle, Americans who later view this videotape are likely to explain the soldier’s proclamations in terms of ________ causes.
  • internal
  • external
  • dispositional
  • global
  1. Self-schemas are
  • wishes and aspirations people have for themselves.
  • objective standards that people use to learn about their own abilities, attitudes, and personality traits.
  • beliefs about the roles, obligations, and duties people assume in groups.
  • knowledge-based summaries of our beliefs and feelings about the self in particular domains.
  1. Define social psychology and explain how this field differs from the fields of personality psychology and sociology.
  1. Sandra thinks that smiling a lot during a job interview increases a person’s chances of getting a job offer. The main difference between Sandra’s folk theory and social psychological theories is that social psychological theories are
  • always more complicated.
  • almost always counterintuitive.
  • based on logic.
  • tested using the scientific method.
  1. Gene is given a questionnaire that has statements like these printed on it: “I take a positive view of myself” and “I feel that I have a number of good qualities.” He is asked to indicate how much he agrees with these kinds of statements. This questionnaire is meant to measure Gene’s
  • self-consciousness.
  • identity cues.
  • self-esteem.
  • self-discrepancies.
  1. Social psychologists differ from personality psychologists because social psychologists tend to
  • rely primarily on correlational research.
  • argue that genetics do not exert causal effects on social behavior.
  • examine the influence of situations on behaviors.
  • stress individual differences in behavior.

    10. Which of the following examples best shows how expectations (i.e., schemas) can be self-fulfilling prophecies?

  • Participants primed to think of the elderly actually walk slower down a hallway.
  • Teachers who expect that some children will do well in school actually lead those children to perform better.
  • People are more likely to apply the trait of dependence to a female character in a novel compared to a male character.
  • A schema that is frequently activated will be more likely to be applied to a new stimulus.
  1. Research on ________ suggests it is ________ for people to assume that dispositions are the underlying causes of most behaviors.
  • the fundamental attribution error; common
  • the fundamental attribution error; uncommon
  • channel factors; common
  • channel factors; uncommon
  1. Gloria looks back on her marriage and thinks, “If only I had put more effort into the relationship, Lew and I would still be together.” This self-reflection exemplifies
  • counterfactual thinking.
  • the actor-observer effect.
  • emotional intensification.
  • the self-serving bias.
  1. The actor-observer difference is the tendency to make ________ attributions for one’s own behavior, while making ________ attributions for others’ behavior.
  • deductive; inductive
  • distinctive; common
  • global; specific
  • situational; dispositional
  1. Which of the following indicates the strongest relationship between variables?
  • -0.9
  • + 0.8
  • 6
  • 2
  1. People rely on the ________ heuristic when they judge the frequency or probability of some event by the readiness with which similar events come to mind.
  • encoding
  • representativeness
  • accessibility
  • availability
  1. The function of an IRB is to review
  • university research spending.
  • grant proposals, to ensure that they are financially feasible.
  • research proposals and judge the ethical appropriateness of the research.
  • the reliability of research findings at the institution.
  1. Which of the following phenomena best illustrates the relationship between social influence and behavior?
  • acting more cooperative when you are in a good mood (as opposed to a bad mood)
  • preferring to drive with the car radio on (as opposed to off)
  • cycling faster when people are watching you (as opposed to when you are alone)
  • getting into more arguments when the temperature is above 80 degrees (as opposed to under 80 degrees)

   18. A stereotype is best characterized as a type of

  • schema
  • channel factor.
  • attribution.
  • theory of mind.
  1. Which of the following correlations indicates the weakest relationship between two variables?
  • 0
  • 8
  • -0.6
  • 2
  1. Many members of a street gang believe privately that their initiation process is too harsh and dangerous. However, they do not express these beliefs because they assume that everyone else thinks the initiation process is just fine. This scenario exemplifies
  • pluralistic ignorance.
  • group rationalization.
  • counterfactual conformity.
  • the framing effect.
  1. Ahmed went to the Museum of Modern Art during his vacation to New York City. Afterward, he remembers that he liked so many pieces, but he can really only recall the details of the Andy Warhol painting he saw at the very end, as he was walking out the door. Ahmed is displaying
  • the primacy effect.
  • the recency effect.
  • spin framing.
  • positive framing.
  1. Which of the following questions best reflects what attribution theory seeks to explain?
  • How often does Tina engage in binge drinking?
  • Why did Larissa break up with Tom?
  • What did Bob say in response to Jim’s insult?
  • Where is Juan most likely to find a date for the dance?
  1. Ryan begins his twenty-page sociology paper at about 5 p.m. on the night before the paper is due. At around 6 p.m., Gary requests a favor that would take several hours. Ryan grants the favor and ends up leaving himself just a few hours to complete the paper. Later, when friends ask Ryan about his paper grade, he says, “I got a D because I was helping Gary all night instead of writing.” This scenario exemplifies a self-presentation process called
  • self-handicapping.
  • self-fulfilling prophecy.
  • overjustification
  • self-promotion.
  1. Why is random sampling so important to conducting research in social psychology? What are some of the potential pitfalls of not having a random sample?
  1. Bo has repeatedly tried to find a job. After each unsuccessful attempt, he concludes that there is just something about him that will always get in the way of success in his life. Bo is displaying a ________ explanatory style.
  • self-defensive
  • maladaptive
  • pessimistic
  • self-protecting

Course: PSY-362 Social Psychology and Cultural Applications
School: Grand Canyon University

  • 08/08/2019
  • 65
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